Case Study A case study is commonly used in the social sciences as a research methodology. A case study investigates a single individual, group, or event in-depth to explore the causes of underlying principles. Case studies are empirical inquiries and research strategies for examining and documenting a phenomenon within its real-life context.
Double-blind Clinical Study* According to the NIH*,  a double-blind clinical study is a study in which the study participants and researchers are not informed as to the method or means of care (in this case Spiritual Care/Spiritually-Based Intervention). A double-blind study enables both study participants and the research team to describe outcomes and gather study data without bias.
Evidence-Based Spirituality Evidence-based spirituality utilizes the scientific method to conduct rigorous research that produces evidence as to the efficacy of Spiritually-Based Practices and Interventions to deliver improved health and wellness.
Rapid Non-Invasive Aesthetic Improvement Rapid Non-Invasive Aesthetic Improvement is the term coined by the Institute to describe the efficacy of advanced Spiritually-Based Interventions to deliver rapid aesthetic improvement to the face and extremities.
Rapid Anti-Aging Rapid Anti-Aging is the term coined by the Institute to describe the efficacy of advanced Spiritually-Based Interventions to deliver rapid anti-aging effects to the face and extremities.
Rapid Healing Rapid Healing the term coined by the Institute to describe the efficacy of advanced Spiritually-Based Interventions to deliver rapid benevolent healing effects across a wide variety of health concerns.
Informed Consent Informed consent explains risks and potential benefits about a clinical trial before someone decides whether to participate. All candidates selected to apply to participate in upcoming Research Studies at the Institute will be provided an Informed Consent to review.
Institutional Review Board (IRB) An IRB ensures that all research observes three principles of ethics: (1) respect for persons; (2) beneficence (to do no harm, and to maximize benefit); and, (3) justice.  The Institute conducts research under the DSP IRB, which looks closely at the negotiation between the researcher and each potential volunteer, called the “informed consent process.”
Observational Study According to ScienceDirect, an observational study is an empirical but nonexperimental investigation of the effects caused by a treatment. In an experiment, such as a clinical trial, the investigator assigns subjects at random to treatment groups ensuring that comparable subjects receive competing treatments. In an observational study, the investigator does not control the assignment of treatments, with the consequence that the individuals in different treatment groups may not have been comparable prior to treatment. For more information on DSP ISH Observational Studies, visit Research Studies.
Outcome Study A clinical outcome study evaluates the results from a variety of tests in a group of people with a specific disease over a period of time. This type of study allows us to determine which tests are best at measuring changes that can occur in that disease. These “clinical outcomes” can then be used to assess the effectiveness of therapies during clinical trials.
Psycho Spiritual Receptivity Quotient (PSRQ) The PSRQ is a research tool pioneered at the Institute used to gather data by gauging a study participant’s receptivity to Spiritually-Based Interventions pre-and-post Spiritual Care.
Rapid Relaxation Response (RRR) RRR is a health benefit of a Spiritually-Based Intervention wherein the subject is rapidly induced into a deep state of relaxation.
Retrospective Study In a retrospective study, the outcome of interest has already occurred at the time the study is initiated. A retrospective study design allows the investigator to formulate hypotheses about possible associations between an outcome and an exposure and to further investigate the potential relationships. 
Spirituality and Healthcare Spirituality and Healthcare is an emerging field of study to determine the efficacy and viability of integrating spirituality with healthcare.
Spirituality In Medical Care Spirituality in Medical Care is a current trend among leading hospitals to augment modern medical care with Spiritually-Based Care to promote improved patient outcomes and satisfaction.
Spiritually-Based Intervention (SBI) An Spiritually-Based interventions (SBIs) is a term coined by Dr. Joseph Pierce Farrell, MDiv, DTh, in 2003 to describe the delivery of an intercessory modality wherein a subject receives care solely through spiritual means, and without the use of surgery, manipulation, or any drug material remedy. Physicians and other healthcare professionals may prescribe augmenting medical care with Spiritually-Based interventions (SBIs) and practices to promote improved health outcomes and satisfaction. Not to be confused with Spiritually-Based Practice (SBP).
Spiritually-Based Practice (SBP) A self-care practice performed on the self via Spiritual means for one’s own benefit, not to be confused with a Spiritually-Based intervention (SBI). Spiritually-Based interventions (SBIs) also describe a broad continuum of self-focused practices wherein an individual may explore the relationship of the mind, body, soul, and spirit to achieve various health benefits.


 *Definition from NIH.
 †Definition from Science Direct
 ‡Definition from Encyclopedia of Research Design Editor: Neil J. Salkind


Become a Member or Become a Patron now to receive invitations to exclusive member events and patron-only events at the Institute for Spirituality and Healthcare, Princeton, NJ.

Stay Informed on future research studies, training, and upcoming educational events at the Institute.

301 Carnegie Center Drive, #104
Princeton, NJ 08540

Disclaimer: The Institute for Spirituality and Healthcare, Princeton, NJ, is a publicly supported 501(c)3 tax-exempt organization, incorporated in 2012, for educational, scientific, research, literary, religious, and charitable purposes. The Institute is not a healthcare facility or a healthcare provider. Traditional Spiritually-Based practices and interventions are not to be used as a substitute for medical care. The Institute’s staff, scientists, chaplains, advisors, members, students, interns, and volunteers do not diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. The Institute for Spirituality and Healthcare limits the scope of its research to exploring the potential health, aesthetic improvement, and anti-aging benefits of Spiritual Care. The Institute’s staff and students limit their scope to care delivered solely through spiritual means, without the use of any drug or material remedy. You are solely responsible for continuing with your primary medical provider. The statements and information included on this website and affiliated social media regarding health benefits documented as a result of integrating Traditional Spiritually-Based Practices and Interventions into care have not been evaluated by the FDA. The use of this website and affiliated social media is purely for informational purposes and is not to be construed as a source of healthcare advice. The Institute for Spirituality & Healthcare, Princeton is not affiliated with Princeton University. Copyright © 2012-2019 Institute for Spirituality & Healthcare, Princeton, NJ. All Rights Reserved.